Wednesday, March 5, 2014

How to Get a Beautiful Face - Things You Need To Know

Product Review

Skin Peel treatment and Aftercare Products are essential to every beauty spa and home. In fact, these are facial treatments both male and female should consider adding to their home facial kit. Below are a few recommendations:

1) A Glycolic Cleanser & Facial Lotion

2) A Sun Cream or Sun-blocker (Ex:  SPF 30)

3)A Moisturizer (Ex: Sage & Citrus Moisturizer)

 Let's review all the above:

Glycolic Cleanser and Facial lotion:- Glycolic acid which is found in some sugar-crops, is an acid primarily used in various skin-care products. It has an excellent capability to penetrate the skin, and because it has a strong pH, it does an excellent job in completely removing the dead cells from the epidermis. This layer of the epidermis known as the stratum corneum, is made up of 15-30 layers of keratinized cells.

The dead cells in each layer remains tightly interconnected. However, because of the relative strength of Glycolic acid it easily removes these dead cells. It is also used to improve the skin's appearance and texture, and may reduce wrinkles, acne, scarring, hyper-pigmentation and improve many other skin conditions.

Advanced Protection--SPF30:- This is commonly known as sun-block or sun cream. It absorbs or reflects some of the sun's ultra-violet radiation on the skin, on exposure to sunlight, and helps to prevent sunburn. The American Cancer Society recommends the use of sunscreens, because it helps to prevent various forms of skin cancer.

Sage and Citrus Moisturizer:- This is a combination of fresh citrus and botanical herb sage. Sage and Citrus moisturizer rehydrate the skin to give it a much younger and firmer appearance.

Wrinkles and Premature Aging - The Main Cause
Studies reveal that even the smallest doses of sunlight can add up to a greater risk for skin cancer and premature aging.  Ultraviolet B rays (UVB) cause stinging sunburn which is also believed to be the main cause of premature wrinkling, skin aging, roughened, leathery sagging skin, and skin cancer.  It is for this reason people with sensitive skin in particular are advised to avoid sun exposure between the hours of 10:00 a.m. and 4:00 p.m.

According to researchers, the damage may not become evident until up to 20 years later.  Studies reveal that individuals with skin that has less exposure to the sun tends to remain smooth and unblemished, and, over time, shows less evidence of aging when compared to the skin of individuals that has been exposed to the sun more frequently.

Anti-Aging Products - The Deceptions and The Truths

The anti-aging product market is one of the biggest markets in the United States. Consumers continue to spend billions of dollars annually on anti-aging products, in an attempt to slow down the aging process.  However, a vast majority of these products have not been tested. According to one source on Anti-Aging, “With so many companies making blatantly misleading or untrue statements about their products, it's hard to know who to trust.”

Currently, the FDA is limited in its ability to oversee and investigate the claims made by manufacturers in regard to most of these anti-aging products.  Funding and political concerns are the two main factors that have been preventing the FDA from independently conducting the large studies that are sometimes needed to validate the claims made regarding these products.

It is therefore, the responsibility of consumers to find the evidence that support the claims made by manufacturers about products they might be interested in, and be able to validate them.

Unfortunately, if you're looking for medically tested anti-aging products, you won't get much help from the government. According to one source, herbal products are very much under regulated in the U.S.

Therefore, if an anti-aging product is marketed as a dietary supplement instead of a medicine, it is not subjected to FDA review.  As a result, millions of Americans have been using anti-aging products that have not been medically tested.

According to Medical Editor, Dr. Jay W. Mards, once you've identified an anti-aging product you're interested in, you should do some research on the Internet, especially the UK sites. He believes the United Kingdom is much more aggressive about testing and also much more open about revealing test results on all kinds of health products, including anti aging products.

He further went on to say, that they are much more liberal and progressive about posting test results of not only licensed medicines, but unlicensed medicines and herbal products as well. After you have searched the UK sites you may search the U.S FDA sites for each of the products that have been recently approved.

The Editor believes that although this is not really a great site to start searching for medically tested anti-aging products. However, in general, it is an okay site!

Defining Terms

  • SPF : Sun Protective Factor
  • SPF 15 means that the skin takes 15 times longer to burn than with no lotion. 
  • If you usually get a mild sunburn after spending 20 minutes in the mid-day sun, an SPF 15 allows you to stay in the sun for approximately 300 minutes before burning. 
  • The higher the numerical value of the SPF, the more protection it will give you. For example, a lotion with a SPF of 20 will offer more protection than one with a SPF of 15.

OTC  Drugs

  • Over The Counter Drugs
  • You need no prescription to buy these drugs
  • You simply pick up these drugs off the counter 
  • These are also called nonprescription drugs

Example: A lot of cough medicines, face creams, painkillers and more are usually on display on shelves in pharmacies or  local stores. You simply choose which one you want and pay for it at the cashier.
Unlike prescription drugs however, your healthcare provider has to write a prescription in order for you to obtain these drugs. These drugs are kept behind the Pharmacist Counter.

Causes of Acne Flare and Treatments

Acne Vulgaris
Acne Vulgaris is perhaps the best known and most common among the skin disorders that present as eruptions of follicular pustules. The primary lesions of acne are small flesh-colored papules known as microcomedones.  They can change into inflammatory red pimples and small inflammatory swelling containing pus (whiteheads) or noninflammatory (blackheads). Severe acne leads to cysts and scarring.

Acne Rosacea
Acne Rosacea is a facial eruption in adults, characterized by small inflammatory swelling containing pus pimples, and an enlargement of the capillaries( small blood vessels) usually along the nose and central face. Patients with rosacea often complain of flushing.

Most affected persons have acne on their face, chest, and back. The use of skin preparation or cream may clog your hair follicles (follicular orfices) and cause your acne to get worse.

What Causes Acne To Flare
Certain medications such as lithium, prednisone, and even some oral contraceptives may cause acne to flare up.  A person with Cushing Syndrome and other endocrine disorders may experience severe case of acne. Usually acne vulgaris does not continue beyond teen years, but sometimes it persists well into adult years.

Drugs such as oral tetracycline and topical metronidazole or sulfur-containing preparations have all shown good results for this condition.

Source: Skin disease and internal medicine; Benjamin K. Yokel,MD, Antonette F. Hood, MD


Skin Fade -  How Safe is Hydroquinone ?

Hydroquinone is one of the most widely used ingredients in just about every skin lightening product on the market. If you closely examine any label on a skin lightening product, most often you will see the ingredient hydroquinone. For years, this ingredient has been considered the most effective skin lightening treatments.  However, in 2006, the FDA publicly announced the ban of over-the-counter cosmetic products containing hydroquinone.

The FDA made their decision to ban the use of this product after they were informed that hydroquinone acts as a cancer-causing chemical when orally administered. Although tests done on rodents have shown these results, none has yet to be conducted and proven in humans.

Other studies done in the United States, Britain and South Africa have shown that patients who used skin lightening treatments with hydroquinone reported abnormal adrenal gland functions and high levels of mercury in the body.  Hydroquinone has also been linked with a medical condition in humans known as ochronosis (skin darkening and disfiguration) when it is applied topically.

According to the ban, only products that contain 2% hydroquinone in its formula are allowed for sale in the United States without a prescription, and 4% for those prescribed by a physician. For those who rely on this ingredient for their skin lightening treatments, the good news is that hydroquinone hasn’t been completely eliminated from the market.

Examples of prescription products containing hydroquinone are Lustra, Tri-Luma, and EpiQuin Micro.  An example of an Over The Counter (OTC) product containing hydroquinone is Palmer’s  Skin Success ( Eventone Fade Cream) For Dry Skin.

The FDA believe that the NTP studies are necessary before they can conclude as to  whether or not hydroquinone is  safe and effective when used as an ingredient in OTC skin bleaching drug products. According to the FDA, until these negative claims are proven in human studies, they believe that hydroquinone should remain available as an OTC drug product.

The National Toxicology Program (NTP) consists of scientists who test substances for a variety of health-related effects. They then provide the study results to Federal Regulatory Agencies such as the FDA. These findings are used to make better informed regulatory decisions.

The FDA believe that additional studies, such as dermal toxicity and carcinogenicity, are needed to better understand if topically applied hydroquinone may be harmful to humans.

Tanning - The Danger and The Solution

Tanning of the skin is considered the body’s natural reaction to permanent and irreversible damage from overexposure to the sun. Studies reveal that even the smallest doses of sunlight add up to a greater risk for skin cancer and premature aging. The tan fades at the end of the summer season, but the underlying skin damage does not disappear.

It is recommended that people with sensitive skin in particular should avoid sun exposure between the hours of 10:00 a.m. and 4:00 p.m. Ultraviolet B rays (UVB) cause stinging sunburn which is also thought to be the main cause of premature wrinkling, skin aging, roughened, leathery sagging skin, and skin cancer.

Sun lamps and tanning salon provide mainly ultraviolet A rays (UVA).  Recent studies have shown that these methods of tanning that we once thought were safe, are also damaging and have been linked to melanoma, the most serious form of skin cancer.  It has been proven that as little as 15 to 30 minutes of exposure to UVA can be dangerous as a day spent in the sun.

For protection against ultraviolet rays, it is advised that sunscreen lotion should be applied approximately 30 minutes before you tan or prior to lengthy exposure to the sun, because the skin takes that long to absorb the protective ingredients.

A Sun Protective Factor (SPF) of at least 15 is recommended. All sunscreens lose strength when they are diluted. Therefore, when participating in outdoor activities that will make you sweat and during swimming, waterproof sunscreens should be reapplied more often.

The bottom line is however, if you enjoy tanning, the next time you tan, you might want to do it the safest way. Protect your body from premature aging and wrinkles  by using sunscreen lotions with a large SPF(15 or greater) or you may want to try a bottle of "Beautiful Sunless Tan" a natural alternative to sun tan.

See: Other Beautiful Sunless Tannig Options

Enlarged Pores - How To Make Pores Smaller

Main purpose of Pores
Pores are essential to your skin’s health. They allow oil to get to the skin to lubricate it and keep it soft and hydrated.

Causes of Large Pores
There are three main factors that contribute to large pores:
Large pores are commonly seen in individuals who have a predisposition or a hereditary tendency towards large pores                                                                          
Skin damage from the sun along with a decrease in the skin’s elasticity as we get older can cause pores to dilate.
3.Clogged Pores
Blackheads, dirt, bacteria, oil accumulation of dead cells build up within pores cause pores to stretch or expand beyond normal size. When pores are dilated, they are more prominent and tend to appear larger than they are if they are clogged.

How to Treat Large Pores
Based on findings, dermatologist have suggested several approaches in dealing with large pores:

•By using a low-strength topical medication or face wash containing retinol or vitamin C.  It is believed that these antioxidants help to increase the skin’s collagen and its elastin production while simultaneously loosening dirt and oil from the pores.

•Exfoliating with oil-free gels containing salicylic or alpha hydroxy acids.

•Using light chemical peels, microdermabrasion, and lasers to strengthen the collagen surrounding the pores allowing them to stay tighter so that they don’t dilate

•Another suggested approach is to consider getting a Benzoyl Peroxide cleanser or a salicylic cleanser. Cleansing Products containing one of these two active ingredients will help to empty out the pores. Using a gel or lotion is also recommended. The gel or lotion should also contain one of the active ingredients: salicylic acid, Benzoyl Peroxide or glycolic acid.

My suggestion however, is that you should always discuss these treatment options with a dermatologist before taking any of the above approaches. Here is a retinal cleanser you can try.

Acne Causes -- How To Treat Acne Or Control Acne

Based on findings, carbohydrate rich foods can be classified in terms of their potential to elevate blood glucose levels; we call this their Glycemic Index (GI). A high GI food first elevates glucose and then elevates insulin significantly.  Low GI food raises glucose at a slower rate.  However, some high GI foods may naturally contain a type of starch or sugar that has a high GI.

Acne Causes
Recent studies have shown that high Glycemic-Load diets have been associated with the cause of acne, due to their ability to elevate the body’s insulin demand and other factors connected with insulin resistance.

The source further stated that the high prevalence of acne that has been observed in:

1.Women with polycystic ovary syndrome -- a condition associated with insulin resistance

2.Individuals with  excessive level of insulin circulating in the blood

3.Individuals with an excessive production and/or secretion of androgens, also support the role of insulin in the cause of acne. 

An increase Gl of the diet leads to higher and prolong sustained elevations in blood insulin levels, which in turn trigger changes in two distinct pathways leading to acne.

 Adolescents tend to be affected by this high Gl diet in particular, because of these two following reasons:

A)Adolescents  have a tendency  to eat a lot of carbohydrate rich high GI snack foods.

B)Because they are actually temporarily insulin resistant due to an elevation in growth hormones levels, their bodies tend to produce more insulin when eating high GI foods.

Two Physiological Pathways Leading To Acne

Step1. First the level of an hormone known as insulin like growth factor-1 ( IGF-1) is elevated by the presence of high insulin  levels in the blood.

Step2. This insulin like growth factor promotes cell growth and is very active especially in follicular ducts in the skin ( the ducts through which hair grows out and oily sebum is secreted on to the hair and skin)

Step3. Finally, these follicular ducts become overgrown and, get blocked by excess free levels of IGF-1 that have been triggered by high levels of insulin in the blood.

Step1. First, high insulin levels cause an elevation in the levels of free Androgens -- a testosterone related hormone found in  both males and females. Free levels of these Androgens are also very active in the skin sebaceous glands where they attached to hair follicles.

Step2. These high free levels of Androgens attaching to hair follicles produce more sebum.

Step3. Finally, blocked follicular ducts and this additional production of sebum cause this oily substance to be trapped under the skin where it becomes a feeding ground for microorganisms that are always present on our skin and in follicular ducts.

The subsequent overgrowth of bacteria or microorganisms results in infection.This infection activates the production of cytokines and other inflammatory molecules in the skin. This process is the body's  natural defense system usual way of attempting to limit the spread of the infection.

Acne Solutions /Control  & Recommended Diet

Avoid all foods that add to a high GL diet, which include high GI foods and those that contain high carbohydrate levels.

•Try to raise protein and lower carbohydrates intake by consuming a more natural diet of unprocessed foods, such as lean meat and fish whole grain type cereals, and some pasta and basmatt rice. However, you should try to keep these as low level as possible.

*Eat lots of non-starchy vegetables and fruits, and low fat diary foods.

• Avoid sweetened drinks, potatoes, white bread, baked goods and snack foods in particular.

Source:Acne cause : New England Journal of Medicine(NJM)

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